The Full Form Of DNA in English
The Full Form Of DNA is Deoxyribonucleic Acid. It’s the hereditary material found in all living organisms. It contains the genetic instructions for the development and functioning of the body. These instructions are passed from one generation to the next generation. DNA is present in the nucleus of every cell of the human body along with the genetic instructions are stored in the shape of codes made of 4 satellite bases, Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, and Thymine. The nitrogen bases pair with each other to form base pairs. The bases are attached to a sugar molecule and a phosphate molecule to make nucleotides.
The Full Form Of DNA
DNA is known for its capacity to replicate. It may make copies of itself. Each strand of DNA serves as a template to form a brand new strand in order that each new mobile may have a specific copy of the DNA present in the older cell.
Functions of DNA.
Genetic Information: It transmits genetic info from one generation to the next generation.
Replication: DNA produces carbon copies by replication. It permits DNA transfer genetic info from older cells to cells that are new.
Transcription: DNA produces RNAs throughout the process of transcription.
Cellular Strength: It regulates the metabolism reactions of the cells with the support of enzymes, hormones and specific RNA.
Development: It controls the development of organisms via the inner genetic clock.
DNA Finger Printing: Every person has its own DNA sequence which doesn’t match with others. This house of DNA is utilized in DNA fingerprinting, a technique used to identify an individual from her or his DNA.